21 Lessons for the 21st Century

21 Lessons for the 21st Century

Book - 2018
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#1 NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER * In Sapiens, he explored our past. In Homo Deus, he looked to our future . Now, one of the most innovative thinkers on the planet turns to the present to make sense of today's most pressing issues.

"Fascinating . . . a crucial global conversation about how to take on the problems of the twenty-first century."--Bill Gates, The New York Times Book Review

NAMED ONE OF THE BEST BOOKS OF THE YEAR BY FINANCIAL TIMES AND PAMELA PAUL, KQED

How do computers and robots change the meaning of being human? How do we deal with the epidemic of fake news? Are nations and religions still relevant? What should we teach our children?

Yuval Noah Harari's 21 Lessons for the 21st Century is a probing and visionary investigation into today's most urgent issues as we move into the uncharted territory of the future. As technology advances faster than our understanding of it, hacking becomes a tactic of war, and the world feels more polarized than ever, Harari addresses the challenge of navigating life in the face of constant and disorienting change and raises the important questions we need to ask ourselves in order to survive.

In twenty-one accessible chapters that are both provocative and profound, Harari builds on the ideas explored in his previous books, untangling political, technological, social, and existential issues and offering advice on how to prepare for a very different future from the world we now live in: How can we retain freedom of choice when Big Data is watching us? What will the future workforce look like, and how should we ready ourselves for it? How should we deal with the threat of terrorism? Why is liberal democracy in crisis?

Harari's unique ability to make sense of where we have come from and where we are going has captured the imaginations of millions of readers. Here he invites us to consider values, meaning, and personal engagement in a world full of noise and uncertainty. When we are deluged with irrelevant information, clarity is power. Presenting complex contemporary challenges clearly and accessibly, 21 Lessons for the 21st Century is essential reading.

"If there were such a thing as a required instruction manual for politicians and thought leaders, Israeli historian Yuval Noah Harari's 21 Lessons for the 21st Century would deserve serious consideration. In this collection of provocative essays, Harari . . . tackles a daunting array of issues, endeavoring to answer a persistent question: 'What is happening in the world today, and what is the deep meaning of these events?'"-- BookPage (top pick)
Publisher: New York : Spiegel & Grau, [2018]
Edition: First edition
ISBN: 9780525512172
0525512179
Branch Call Number: 909.82 H2125T 2018
Characteristics: xix, 372 pages ; 25 cm

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sandraperkins
Apr 28, 2019

21 Lessons for the 21st Century is truly a depressing, disturbing, frightening book. If Mr. Harari is right, the 21st century is not something I want to experience. As challenging as things are right now, he predicts they will get much worse in so many ways. If he is right, there is virtually nothing we can do about it. (I sincerely hope he is dead wrong.)

The first section of this book is called The Technological Challenge. It is horrific. I attended a conference in March at which a speaker on Artificial Intelligence predicted that large percentages of jobs that exist today would be gone in the next 7-15 years. Mr. Harari agrees, but says it will not stop there. He predicts constant and continuing disruption in the job market for the foreseeable future, such that most people will not have jobs at all (because many jobs will be replaced by machines, and the few jobs that exist will be too sophisticated for most people to do), and those that do have jobs will have to reinvent themselves every few years (which will screw up their mental health). Cheap unskilled labor will be worthless. How will people survive? He talks about universal basic income, but that is challenging to implement, especially where it may be most needed. After all, could people agree on what is basic? And what is universal?

What will give purpose to people’s lives? Why will people want to get up in the morning if there is no meaningful work (or even unmeaningful work)?

Bad as that is, it was not the worst thing he predicts. He thinks humans will give up any illusion of free will and personal decision-making (he argues that we do not really have free will anyway, that we are controlled by our biology), and all our decisions will be made for us by algorithms. We will all be required to wear biometric sensors that are monitored by tech companies, insurance companies, the government, etc. They will know everything we do, and everything we do can be manipulated. Humans will end up like domesticated farm animals. As overreaching as the tech companies are today, things will get worse (even worse than China and its existing social credit system, which is scary already).

There will be even worse economic inequality than today. And people will have no way to fight back, because they are essentially irrelevant. Machines and AI (and the rich people who own them) will control everything. The average person will have no power even over his or her own life.

The author also tears down anything we might believe in or anything that might give our lives meaning today, whether it be religion, education, knowledge, philosophy, one’s nation, creativity, art, music, etc.

His personal solution appears to be his two hours a day of meditation (which is his last chapter). Two hours a day!! That sounds unbearable to me!

Basically, he appears to predict that we will all end up a lot like the Borg on Star Trek: The Next Generation. We will be part of a collective, and “Resistance is futile.”

My response to this is:

1. I hope he is dead wrong about the future.

2. If he is right, I am glad I am as old as I am, so I will not have to live through all of this. It sounds miserable.

3. I am going to focus on enjoying every minute of my life right now, as “these are the good old days”. Whether or not he is right about the future, that is a good strategy! For now, we can still make our own choices about our own lives.

c
Chesco_3
Apr 05, 2019

*** I would love if the library would order an audio cd copy of the book! ***

2
21288004246712
Mar 23, 2019

more warnings than lessons

s
Sastez1
Jan 30, 2019

I agree with others that this book raises interesting questions and definitely gets you thinking. But he really scratches the surface on many of his ideas. It serves as a good conversation starter but you need to look elsewhere if you want to look in-depth into the ideas he raises.

I also don't like Harari's overly pessimistic view on things. Our society can go in so many directions. He talks as if homo sapiens time on earth is basically done within a century. He could be right but his theories aren't any more valid than others. He's written a pithy book that is getting attention but other views are out there.

Worth a read.

a
anmalik1
Jan 17, 2019

This book, and others by this author - Sapiens and Homo Deus - have got resounding reviews. I borrowed and ‘read’ Homo Deus and 21 Lessons. Found both to be very shallow collections of everyday issues. For 21 Lessons, all that an engaged reader has to do is read the chapter headings and subtitles - and would not need to read the book. Opinions are just that; an unbiased understanding of the issue is crucial starting point. Reading the author’s view did not provide me any additional perspective on the topics. The ink and paper would have been better used elsewhere. Save your time - skip it.

m
MEnstone
Jan 16, 2019

If lined up on that now-ubiquitous media bias chart, this book would be left-of-center. Written in 2018 (and read/reviewed in Jan 2019) it has all of the major players in our headlines, so is, obviously, timely and apropos. As an historian, the author does well with parlaying today's goings-on into a wider-timeline perspective. Mainly the book raises interesting points, interesting perspectives and interesting conjecture/guesses. A good read.

c
ChrisMcMil
Dec 20, 2018

The book is generally quite engaging and does discuss many very important issues. I found the historical, social and geopolitical commentary to be quite illuminating, but when he occasionally wanders out of his lane into more technological or scientific aspects he is much less convincing. The book also does drag a bit in the last couple chapters.

d
dirtbag
Nov 28, 2018

Very entertaining. Read and think...it is not required that you agree.

Take what you read here with a grain of salt. Harari is a historian, not a scientist or engineer. When his writings touch these topics, which is most of the time, it is implausible speculation, based on sensationalist guesswork by popular science journalists. Go through the chapter on Work, for example, and count how many sentences start with "What if." First, does anyone who knows what they're talking about think these what-ifs might come to pass, and second, I'm looking to you, Harari, to tell me what's going to happen, not ask me!

Worth looking into, but not as good as the previous two books, which were works of history. One might suspect it was written to capitalize on their success. Comes across as a sophomore bull session, or what we used to call mental masturbation, meaning that it feels good to think about, but it just doesn't get the job done, if you know what I mean, and I think you do.

n
nrizkalla
Nov 01, 2018

I was going to rate this book at 3 stars. However agonizing through the last two chapters which for me were just a numbing of a delusional mind, I downgraded it to 2 stars.

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