21 Lessons for the 21st Century

21 Lessons for the 21st Century

Book - 2018
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#1 NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER * In Sapiens, he explored our past. In Homo Deus, he looked to our future . Now, one of the most innovative thinkers on the planet turns to the present to make sense of today's most pressing issues.

"Fascinating . . . a crucial global conversation about how to take on the problems of the twenty-first century."--Bill Gates, The New York Times Book Review

NAMED ONE OF THE BEST BOOKS OF THE YEAR BY FINANCIAL TIMES AND PAMELA PAUL, KQED

How do computers and robots change the meaning of being human? How do we deal with the epidemic of fake news? Are nations and religions still relevant? What should we teach our children?

Yuval Noah Harari's 21 Lessons for the 21st Century is a probing and visionary investigation into today's most urgent issues as we move into the uncharted territory of the future. As technology advances faster than our understanding of it, hacking becomes a tactic of war, and the world feels more polarized than ever, Harari addresses the challenge of navigating life in the face of constant and disorienting change and raises the important questions we need to ask ourselves in order to survive.

In twenty-one accessible chapters that are both provocative and profound, Harari builds on the ideas explored in his previous books, untangling political, technological, social, and existential issues and offering advice on how to prepare for a very different future from the world we now live in: How can we retain freedom of choice when Big Data is watching us? What will the future workforce look like, and how should we ready ourselves for it? How should we deal with the threat of terrorism? Why is liberal democracy in crisis?

Harari's unique ability to make sense of where we have come from and where we are going has captured the imaginations of millions of readers. Here he invites us to consider values, meaning, and personal engagement in a world full of noise and uncertainty. When we are deluged with irrelevant information, clarity is power. Presenting complex contemporary challenges clearly and accessibly, 21 Lessons for the 21st Century is essential reading.

"If there were such a thing as a required instruction manual for politicians and thought leaders, Israeli historian Yuval Noah Harari's 21 Lessons for the 21st Century would deserve serious consideration. In this collection of provocative essays, Harari . . . tackles a daunting array of issues, endeavoring to answer a persistent question: 'What is happening in the world today, and what is the deep meaning of these events?'"-- BookPage (top pick)
Publisher: New York : Spiegel & Grau, [2018]
Edition: First edition
ISBN: 9780525512172
0525512179
Branch Call Number: 909.82 H2125T 2018
Characteristics: xix, 372 pages ; 25 cm

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singidunum_25
May 17, 2020

So many aspects of our lives are analyzed here that this book needs to be read more than ones in order to understand what really is happening to human race.
Don’t allow “technology to gain too much power over your life, you might become a hostage to its agenda.” “If the algorithms indeed understand what’s happening within you better than you understand it yourself, authority will shift to them.” Know thyself!

l
Luckybe
Mar 24, 2020

Harari says we live in a world construct created by religion, government and corporations and we do not know who we are. Unless we learn who we are soon, we are likely to lose the opportunity as technology, AI and mega data develop ever more sophisticated algorithms that know us better than we know ourselves, taking over our desire to even attempt to know our own minds. This is a totally absorbing book - I could not put it down. I plan to buy it so I can pick it up again and again.

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mc2cfo1
Feb 17, 2020

Disturbing yet intelligent and illuminating. Very helpful to a human trying to sort out this world we live in. Be brave. Read this. Think. Learn.

u
Unavailable55
Jan 22, 2020

21 Lessons for the 21st Century is a book that makes you speechless.

A great eye-opener that virtually shakes the ground underneath your feet. As a reader, I was forced to re-examine the existing way of how I view technology, history, religion and culture. Even when one does not necessarily have to agree with every viewpoint in the book, it nevertheless would become a discourse for revisiting again and again, as it inspires humbleness for our future learning and introspection.

It's better to admit ignorance than to blindly defend something we don't understand. It's never too late to start waking up.

Thank you for this gem. I cannot wait to read his other two books in the series.

e
empbee
Sep 02, 2019

A good collection of essays in a style that is easy to read. A number of them are familiar since they have been published or discussed in the media, e.g., social networks. There is a lot of "food for thought", such as AI and ethics, intelligence and consciousness, globalization and equality; there are some dramatization (not all powerful will live longer or be smarter or healtier.) The chapters include good historical references/stories. The last four chapters were page fillers for me. All the same, read it, think about it, debate it, agree or disagree with what you have read. Good for schools and take home issues for parents.

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miketany
Jun 25, 2019

This book provides a very deep insight into the pros and cons of our society in the 21st century. The author does a very good job of comparing each lesson and reality. One of them I was particularity interested in was that schools should teach more on how to think, not what to think. Personally, I agree with this stance as knowledge can easily be obtained, but thinking is a skill, which takes time and effort to master. Memorization of knowledge simply doesn’t fit our society, but we continue to do it. We spend years of our childhood cramming likely useless information into our brains without questioning if we will ever need it. Ever since the internet and computers were invented, knowledge carrying people and books were obsolete. Therefore, the current education model is incredibly outdated and needs revision. Another lesson I believe was important was that automation will inevitability replace human workers. An example the author provides is that impaired and overworked truck drivers account for a lot of traffic accident and if they were replaced with autonomous drivers then accident rates would decrease.

I think this book is a great read for young people looking for context in society. As a student, I have learned lots from this book. I rated this book a 10/10 because of how well it explains how to succeed in society.

s
sandraperkins
Apr 28, 2019

21 Lessons for the 21st Century is truly a depressing, disturbing, frightening book. If Mr. Harari is right, the 21st century is not something I want to experience. As challenging as things are right now, he predicts they will get much worse in so many ways. If he is right, there is virtually nothing we can do about it. (I sincerely hope he is dead wrong.)

The first section of this book is called The Technological Challenge. It is horrific. I attended a conference in March at which a speaker on Artificial Intelligence predicted that large percentages of jobs that exist today would be gone in the next 7-15 years. Mr. Harari agrees, but says it will not stop there. He predicts constant and continuing disruption in the job market for the foreseeable future, such that most people will not have jobs at all (because many jobs will be replaced by machines, and the few jobs that exist will be too sophisticated for most people to do), and those that do have jobs will have to reinvent themselves every few years (which will screw up their mental health). Cheap unskilled labor will be worthless. How will people survive? He talks about universal basic income, but that is challenging to implement, especially where it may be most needed. After all, could people agree on what is basic? And what is universal?

What will give purpose to people’s lives? Why will people want to get up in the morning if there is no meaningful work (or even unmeaningful work)?

Bad as that is, it was not the worst thing he predicts. He thinks humans will give up any illusion of free will and personal decision-making (he argues that we do not really have free will anyway, that we are controlled by our biology), and all our decisions will be made for us by algorithms. We will all be required to wear biometric sensors that are monitored by tech companies, insurance companies, the government, etc. They will know everything we do, and everything we do can be manipulated. Humans will end up like domesticated farm animals. As overreaching as the tech companies are today, things will get worse (even worse than China and its existing social credit system, which is scary already).

There will be even worse economic inequality than today. And people will have no way to fight back, because they are essentially irrelevant. Machines and AI (and the rich people who own them) will control everything. The average person will have no power even over his or her own life.

The author also tears down anything we might believe in or anything that might give our lives meaning today, whether it be religion, education, knowledge, philosophy, one’s nation, creativity, art, music, etc.

His personal solution appears to be his two hours a day of meditation (which is his last chapter). Two hours a day!! That sounds unbearable to me!

Basically, he appears to predict that we will all end up a lot like the Borg on Star Trek: The Next Generation. We will be part of a collective, and “Resistance is futile.”

My response to this is:

1. I hope he is dead wrong about the future.

2. If he is right, I am glad I am as old as I am, so I will not have to live through all of this. It sounds miserable.

3. I am going to focus on enjoying every minute of my life right now, as “these are the good old days”. Whether or not he is right about the future, that is a good strategy! For now, we can still make our own choices about our own lives.

c
Chesco_3
Apr 05, 2019

*** I would love if the library would order an audio cd copy of the book! ***

2
21288004246712
Mar 23, 2019

more warnings than lessons

s
Sastez1
Jan 30, 2019

I agree with others that this book raises interesting questions and definitely gets you thinking. But he really scratches the surface on many of his ideas. It serves as a good conversation starter but you need to look elsewhere if you want to look in-depth into the ideas he raises.

I also don't like Harari's overly pessimistic view on things. Our society can go in so many directions. He talks as if homo sapiens time on earth is basically done within a century. He could be right but his theories aren't any more valid than others. He's written a pithy book that is getting attention but other views are out there.

Worth a read.

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